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Fagopyrum tataricum Noodle
Fagopyrum tataricum Noodle
Fagopyrum tataricum Noodle
Item#: fagopyrum-tataricum-noodle
Regular price: $29.00
Sale price: $15.00

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11.82% protein Fagopyrum tataricum Noodle 3x300g/袋 苦荞挂面


















Fagopyrum tataricum
Common name: Tartarian buckwheat Family: Polygonaceae
Author: (L.) Gaertn. Botanical references: 51
Synonyms: Polygonum tataricum (L.)
Known Hazards: The plant has caused photosensitivity in some people, the dehusked grain is said to be safe.
Range: E. Asia - Himalayas.
Habitat: Found at heights up to 4400 metres in the Himalayas from Pakistan to Bhutan.
Plants For A Future Rating (1-5): 3

Other Possible Synonyms: From various places across the web, may not be correct. See below.
Polygonum tartaricum[H]
Other Common Names: From various places around the Web, may not be correct. See below.
Duckwheat [H], Franse Boekweit [D], Green Buckwheat [B,P,L], India-wheat [H], Kangra Buckwheat [H], Ku Ch'Iao [E], Rough Buckwheat [H], Tartarian Buckwheat [H], Tartary Buckwheat [H],
Other Range Info: From the Ethnobotany Database
China
Physical Characteristics

Annual growing to 0.8m. . It is in flower from July to September. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Bees and flies. We rate it 3 out of 5 for usefulness.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid soil. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil.
Habitats and Possible Locations
Cultivated Beds.

Cultivar 'Madawaska': Cultivated Beds.
Edible Uses
Leaves; Oil; Seed.

Leaves - raw or cooked[183]. Acceptable raw when added in small quantities to mixed chopped salads, otherwise the leaves are much better cooked[K]. They are rich in rutin.

Seed - cooked as a cereal[2, 46, 100, 105].The seed can also be sprouted and used in salads, or ground into a powder and used as a cereal[183].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[177, 183].
Medicinal Uses
Disclaimer

Astringent.

The bark is astringent[240].
Other Uses
None known
Cultivation details
A very easily grown plant, it prefers dry sandy soils but succeeds in most conditions including poor, heavy or acid soils[160] and even sub-soils. Prefers a cool moist climate, also succeeds in dry and arid regions.

Tartarian buckwheat is hardier and more resistant to cold than the more commonly grown buckwheat, F. esculentum, though it does not yield so highly[132].

Occasionally cultivated for its edible seed in Europe and the Himalayas[50, 51], there is at least one named variety[183]. 'Madawaska' is more cold hardy and drought tolerant than the type[183].
Propagation
Seed - sow from the middle of spring to early summer in situ. The seed usually germinates in 5 days[115]. The earlier sowings are for a seed or leaf crop whilst the later sowings are used mainly for leaf crops or green manure.
Tartar Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is a domesticated food plant in the genus Fagopyrum (sometimes merged into the genus Polygonum) in the family Polygonaceae. With its congener Common Buckwheat, it is often counted as a cereal, but unlike the true cereals the buckwheats are not members of the grass family. Thus they are not closely related to true wheat. Tartar Buckwheat has a more bitter taste, but contains more rutin than common buckwheat.

Tartar buckwheat was domesticated in east Asia. While it is unfamiliar to the West, it is still eaten in the Himalayan region today.
This Polygonaceae article is a stub. Please help Wikipedia grow by expanding it.

Stems ascending or erect, yel-lowish green, sometimes red-tinged, sparingly branched, (10-)30-80(-100) cm. Leaves: ocrea brownish hyaline, loose, funnel-form, 5-11 mm, margins truncate to obtuse, eciliate, glabrous or puberulent proximally; petiole (0.5-)1-7 cm, usually puberulent adaxially; blade palmately veined with 7-9 primary basal veins, broadly triangular to broadly hastate, 2-7 × 2-8 cm, base truncate or cordate to sagittate, margins ciliolate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, racemelike, 2-10 cm, not crowded at stem apices; peduncle 1-6 cm, puberulent in lines. Pedicels ascending or recurved, 1-3 mm. Flowers often cleistogamous, homostylous; perianths green with whitish margins; tepals triangular to ovate, 1.5-3 mm, margins entire, apex obtuse to acute; stamens ca. 2 as long as perianth; styles 0.1-0.4 mm; stigmas purplish. Achenes uniformly gray or, infrequently, mottled with blackish spots medially, bluntly 3-gonous, 5-6 × 3-5 mm, faces irregularly rugose, angles usually obscure in proximal 1/ 2, more conspicuous in distal 2, unwinged, often sinuate-dentate. 2n = 16 (China).
Fagopyrum tataricum
  形态特征:又名野荞麦,蓼科荞麦属一年生草本植物,高30-60厘米。茎直立,具分枝。下部叶具长柄,叶片宽三角状戟形,全缘或微波状;下部叶较小。总状花序腋生或项生,花被白色或淡粉红色。小坚果圆锥状卵形,具三棱,灰褐色。花果期6-9月。
  生境分布:半自生者见于村边、荒地、田边、路旁等处。栽培于我国东北、内蒙、河北、山西、陕西、甘肃、青海、四川、云南。亚洲、欧洲和北美也有栽培。
  用途:种子供食用或作饲料。花为蜜源植物。根及全草入药,能除湿止痛、解毒消肿、健胃,主治跌打损伤、腰腿疼痛、疮痈肿毒。
  药用——————————
  【别名】荞叶七、野兰荞、万年荞
  【处方名】野荞麦根、开金锁
  【来源】蓼科荞麦属植物苦荞麦Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.,以块根入药。秋季采挖,洗净,晒干。
  【性味归经】苦,平。
  【功能主治】理气止痛,健脾利湿。用于胃痛,消化不良,腰腿疼痛,跌打损伤。
  【用法用量】 3~5钱。
  【摘录】《全国中草药汇编》
  资料————————————
  苦荞--七大营养素完全集于一身,不是药,不是保健品,是能当饭吃的食品,却有着卓越的营养保健价值和非凡的食疗功效。它不属禾本科,而属蓼科,与人们所熟悉的“何首乌、大黄”等是亲兄弟,是国际粮农组织公认的优秀粮药兼用粮种,是我国药食同源文化的典型体现。苦荞被誉为“五谷之王”,三降食品(降血压,降血糖,降血脂)。出产于高寒山区,绿色天然,纯净无染。生产厂家位于苦荞麦的地道主产区,远离污染源,已获得无公害农产品认证。
  苦荞食品适用面广,既可作为青壮年的早餐和加餐食品,补充脑力体力,又可作为孩子们的营养食品,增强免疫力,提高智力,促进生长发育。更能作为中老年人特别是三高患者的食疗佳品,长期食用。苦荞具备美容排毒功效,其优秀的营养保健价值尚未被大多数人知晓.
  我国每年死于和药物直接有关的疾病的人数为25万!
  长期以来,医学界一直在努力寻找一种既有药物的功效,同时又没有药物的副作用的食品应用于临床,现在,人们终于找到了苦荞麦这一理想的食品。
  祖国医学《本草纲目》记载:苦荞麦性味苦、平、寒,“实肠胃,益气力,续精神,利耳目,能练五脏滓秽”,“降气宽肠,磨积滞,消热肿风痛。《备急千金要方》、《群芳谱·谷谱》、《齐民要术》等都有苦荞麦治病之说。现代临床医学观察表明,苦荞麦面具有降血糖、降血脂,增强人体免疫力、疗胃疾、除湿解毒、治肾炎、蚀体内恶肉的功效,对糖尿病、高血压、高血脂、冠心病、中风、胃病患者都有辅助治疗作用。这些作用都与苦荞麦中含有的营养成分有关。
  苦荞麦是谷类作物中唯一集七大营养素于一身的作物,被誉为“五谷之王”。其七大营养素包括:
  1、生物类黄酮:主要成份是芦丁,又名维生素P。其主要功效是:软化血管,改善微循环,清热解毒、活血化瘀、拔毒生肌、有降血糖、尿糖、血脂、益气提神、加强胰岛素外周作用。而芦丁在其它谷物中几乎没有!荷兰米切尔·赫托格牡博士对805名老年男性膳食中生物类黄酮的含量进行了测定,结果发现,每天生物类黄酮的摄入量≥30毫克组,比每天生物类黄酮摄入量≤19毫克组,死于冠心病的危险性降低了 50%。
  2、微量元素和矿物质:苦荞麦含有多种有益人体健康的无机元素钙、磷、铁、铜、锌和微量元素硒等,镁的含量是小麦面粉的11倍以上,铁元素是其它主粮的2—5倍,锌为1.5倍以上,锰为1.4陪以上,硅含量比小麦粉高5倍以上,锂含量高5倍以上,钾为小麦的2倍,大米的2.3倍,黄玉米面的1.5倍。镁、钾的高含量大大增强了苦荞粉的营养保健功能。因为镁、钾离子是维持体内水分平衡,酸碱平衡和渗透压的重要阳离子。镁是参与人体细胞转换各种反应的重要元素,钾、镁都能有效的消除疲劳,增强耐力。镁、钾不足都将导致肌体乏力,耐力下降。缺镁还将使钙对大脑产生不良影响,甚至引起血管疾病。镁对心肌活动有良好调节作用。可使心脏节律及心奋传导减缓,增加心肌供血量,有利心脏舒张和休息。同时还能促进人体纤维蛋白溶解,抑制凝血酶的生成,降低血清胆固醇,有预防动脉硬化、高血压、心脏病的作用。并有镇静神经系统,加强老年人申枢神经抑制功能。这些物质不但可以提高人体内必需元素的含量,还可起到保肝肾、造血和增强免疫的作用,也有益于提高智力,保持心脑血管正常、降低胆固醇。例如,苦荞麦中含有大量的铜,铜能促进铁的利用,人体缺铜会引起铁的不足,导致营养性贫血,故多吃苦荞麦食品有益于贫血病的防治。镁是参与人体细胞转换各种反应的重要元素,对心肌活动有良好调节作用
  最值得称道的是苦荞麦中含有其它谷类作物缺乏的硒,有利于防癌。硒在人体内与金属相结合形成一种不稳定的"金属一硒一蛋白"复合物,有助于排解人体中的有毒物质 (如铅、汞、镐等)。中国疾病预防控制中心陈君石研究员宣布,经过其多年研究发现,在各种具有免疫调节功能的营养素(包括维生素 C 、 A 、锌、镁等)中,硒是唯一可以直接抗病毒的营养素。美国科学家经过12 年试验后证实:每天补充 200 微克硒,使大肠癌发病率降低 48% ,肺癌降低 46% ,前列腺癌降低 63% 。硒是联合国卫生组织确定的人体必需的微量元素,而且是该组织目前唯一认定的防癌抗癌元素。国内外医学研究证实:人体缺硒会造成重要器官的机能失调,人体有40多种疾病与饮食缺硒有直接关系。美国癌症研究所医学专家指出,适量的硒几乎能防止一切癌变。美国倡导每人每日饮食硒的摄入量为200微克,我国因为有71%的地区处于低硒或缺硒状况,中国营养学会建议每人每日饮食硒的摄入量为50—250微克。安全摄入量是 400 微克,而我国平均每人每日对硒的摄入量尚不能达到 40 微克的水平。这主要是由于食物里的含硒量不是很高,如 一公斤小麦的含硒量是 34 微克,一公斤大米的含硒量是 51 微克,而一公斤苦荞麦的含硒量是430微克!国外食品硒的来源多为将无机硒添加在饲料中转化,在食物链上为二级吸收,我国苦荞麦硒为天然有机硒,以绿色植物为载体,所以十分珍贵。
  3、淀粉:苦荞麦淀粉为支链淀粉,含大量凝胶黏液,加热后呈弱碱性,对胃酸过多有抑制作用。对病灶可起到缓解和屏障保护作用。
  4、维生素:苦荞中含有丰富的维生素。维生素B1能增进消化机能,抗神经炎和预防脚气病。维生素B2能促进人体生长发育,是预防口角、唇舌、睑缘炎的重要成分。维生素B2的含量是玉米粉和大米的2—10倍。维生素PP有降低人体血脂和胆固醇的作用,是治疗高血压、心血管病的重要辅助药物;尤其是对老年患者具有特别疗效,能降低微血管脆性和渗透性,恢复其弹性。对防止脑溢血、维持眼循环,保护和增进视力有效。维生素E中r生育酚含量较高,对防止氧化和治疗不育症有效,并有促进细胞再生、防止衰老作用。
  5、纤维素:也称膳食纤维。含量达到1.6%,是普通米面的八倍之多,具有整肠通便,清除体内毒素的良好功效,是人体消化系统的清道夫。
  6、脂肪:苦荞麦脂肪酸组成主要有油酸、亚油酸和亚麻酸,均为人体必需脂肪酸,其中油酸和亚油酸含量极高,而亚油酸是人体最重要的脂肪酸,体内不能合成!被称为VF,对幼儿有促进生长发育作用。对成年人可防止冠心病。由于是不饱和脂肪酸,所以可以有效降低体内血脂黏度。同时因含有抑制皮肤生成黑色素的物质(2,4二羟基顺式肉桂酸),有预防雀斑及老年斑的作用,是美容护肤的佳品。世居高山的彝族女子唇红齿白,皮肤细嫩。
  7、蛋白质:含有18种天然氨基酸,总含量高达11.82%。特别含有一般植物如小麦、稻米所缺少的赖氨酸,富含精氨酸和组氨酸。并且苦荞蛋白有近三分之一为清理蛋白,可清理体内毒素和异物。苦荞粉中的蛋白质由19种氨基酸组成,人体必需的八种氨基酸齐全,属完全蛋白质,其余尚有9种非必需氨基酸。苦荞是主要粮食中氨基酸全面的粮食。而且八种人体必需氨基酸中,除亮氨酸略低于玉米、小麦面外,绝大多数均高于白面、大米、玉米粉,尤以一般植物缺乏的赖氨酸和精氨酸最为丰富。赖氨酸比大米高149%,比小麦粉高163%,黄玉米高124%。精氨酸比大米高86%,小麦粉高120%,黄玉米粉高157%。在非必需氨基酸中的天冬氨酸,谷氨酸含量也很高。这两种氨基酸都是构成人体血液(血浆蛋白)的重要成分。天门冬氨酸是很好消除疲劳的强壮剂,对运动员、重体力劳动者、老年人都是很好的保健剂。
  而且,苦荞蛋白由于富含精氨酸,可以防止体脂增加。
  另外,苦荞还含有其它粮食作物不具备的叶绿素。
  苦荞麦食品的产地位于西南山区海拔两三千米以上的高寒山区,那里天蓝水清,人烟稀少,远离工厂,空气土壤水源中都无污染,生产过程中不添加任何化学添加剂和防腐剂等非天然物料。
  最新医学科学证明:现在预防时花一元钱,将来治疗时就会少花八元钱!“药补不如食补,治病不如防病”,“轻松吃出健康”。
  苦荞麦的食用和药用价值早以被世界认可,欧美、日韩等国每年从中国进口大量苦荞。特别是日本,仅本土就有7000家荞麦面馆,苦荞面早已成为席上佳肴。在东瀛岛国不断大量吞食苦荞面这样的中华大地特产美食、并因之而享健康长寿时,我们能做的,就是尽力把它展示在中国人面前,让每一个中国人吃出健康、吃出好体魄,让中华民族在世界上,站得更高、站得更直!
  苦荞生物黄酮的生理活性主要表现在以下几个方面:
  1.1对缺血心肌的保护作用;
  1.2降血脂、增强毛细血管抵抗力、减少毛细血管脂性、扩张冠状动脉、增加冠脉血流量、降压作用;
  1.3抑制血小板聚集作用,抑制血栓形成;
  1.4免疫抑制作用—提高机体免疫力;
  1.5抗癌作用;
  1.6清楚自由基,防止机体脂质过氧化反应;
  1.7在抗菌、抗病毒、降血糖、防治糖尿病病发症方面有较强的药理作用;
  1.8抗疲劳作用
荞面经二十多年研究,无数次试验后得出的成果。其主要原料全部选用种植于四川大凉山海拔2000米以上(荣获国家绿色食品标志)的苦荞麦,经筛选、清洁、磨成粉,科学配方,先进工艺精制而成。在便于携带、食用、保存的基础上,更保持了传统桥面的纯正风味。特别是研制成功了熟型苦荞挂面,为广大旅游、外出人员及餐饮行业的使用带来了极大的方便。

苦荞挂面为塑料包装,300g/袋。





























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